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The Egyptian museum in tahrir showcased today its weekly special display at the museum's entrance 

Sabah Abdel-Razek, Director General of the Egyptian Museum said that  the artifacts include of an upper part of a Triad statue of deities Isis, Osiris and Horus, dated to the 22 dynasty and fragments of Palermo Stone which is one of the main sources of information about the Ancient Egyptian History. 

She explains that the third  statue was stored in the Basement of the Egyptian Museum after it was discovered in 1881

It is carved in granite and depicts God Osiris standing and on his right stands his son Horus with the falcon head while his wife Isis stands to his left. 
Fragments of Palermo Stone consists of seven fragments, the largest one exhibited in the Regional Archeological Museum Antonio Salinas in Palermo, Italy, so that why it is called Palermo. five pf its parts are on display in the Egyptian museum in Cairo and the last part in Petrie Museum in London.

Written by Researchers; Wafaa M.A.El-Nagdi and M.M.A.Youssef

Sugar beet is considered the second source of sugar production after sugar cane and its vegetative system is used as fodder for animals. The local consumption of sugar increased every year due to the continuous increase in population. The root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is considered the main nematode pathogen attacking sugar beet in Egypt. This nematode causes gall formation on the roots of sugar beet influencing nutrients and water uptake from soil.


As a result, less sugar production and less weight of shoots. Management of this nematode pest by more safe material regardless chemical nematicides, which are harmful to man, animals and envirinment, is needed to reduce this nematode and subsequently to increase crop yield quality and quantity.The previous studies indicated the importance of moringa plant parts as roots, shoots and seeds in controlling plant parasitic nematodes especially root knot nematode of the genus Meloidogyne.

On this basis, seeds of sugar beet cv. Gazelle were sown under screen house conditions in 20 cm diameter clay pots. Two months later, five replicates from each treatment were inoculated with 500 newly hatched juveniles of M. incognita/pot. Equal number of pots was kept as untreated control. At the same time of inoculation, certain plant aqueous extracts were added to pots inoculated with root knot nematode. These plants were moringa as mashed dry leaves, doum palm as mashed fruit pomace, pomegranate as mashed fruit peel, and stevia as mashed dry leaves. The commercial product, micronema (antagnistic bacteria) was used at the rate of 0.5 ml/pot. The aqueous plant extracts were prepared by thoroughly mixing 10g of each plant material in 200ml distilled water.


The resultant mixture from each material was left for 72hr. at lab. and then, passed through filter paper. The obtained filtrates were used as 5% concentration at the rate of 40ml per pot and were added in each pot. After four months from inoculation time, plants were uprooted . Numbers of galls and egg masses on roots of sugar beet were counted. Eggmasses on roots were incubated in distilled water for promoting egg hatching. Juveniles in soil were extracted and counted. Plant growth criteria including lengths and fresh weights of shoots and roots were recorded. Total soluble solids percent (TSS %) was measured in fresh weight of roots.

Moringa extract caused (58.7%) reduction in the number of nematode galls formed on the roots of sugar beet and caused 54.2% reduction in the number of eggmasses formed on nematode galls. On the other hand, moringa extract recorded the highest percentage reduction(75.4%) in the number of the hatched juveniles from eggmasses compared with non- treated plants and the other material under study. Also, moringa extract reduced the number of nematode juveniles in soil by 85%.


The importance of this result due to that the reduction in hatched juveniles from eggmasses and those in soil affects their attack to the subequent crops, especially suceptible ones in crop- rotation influencing their growth and yields quality and quantity. As for plant growth, moringa extract and the other material improved plant weight and length and weight of roots(tubers) acting as a reservoir of sugars. Also, moringa extract improved the technological characteristics of tubers in the form of the percentages total soluble solids. In other words, increased plant geowth and sugar yield compared to control (non-treated) occurred.

In conclusion, The effects of moringa extract and the other tested material confirm that these extracts contain active ingredients lethal to nematodes resulting in reduction in the number of nematodes in both roots and soil. As a a result, improved plant growth and sugar yield quantity and quality occurred. The use of moringa extract may well provide one of the efficient and cheap methods of nematode control that are necessary and environmentally safe to farmers and a given quantity of plant material can be better utilized over a larger area.



Wednesday, 10 January 2018 02:06

The truth? Sorry, that ship has already sailed.

Written by|Michael Blair

  I know politicians have always been"economical" with the truth, but in the last few years, this has apparently become the norm. 

But there is nothing normal about lying on every subject and question asked of these people. Unfortunately, it has become second nature for them to lie.
Has the time now come for the media to call them liars to their faces? 
How refreshing would it be, if when a politician is heard blatantly not being honest, the interviewer says directly, "you politician, are lying about this subject! If you cannot tell me the truth, this interview is terminated!" 
I can just see the look of sheer panic and terror on their faces, as they try to find a way out without looking stupid. I don't think that would be possible. 
At every political press conference, or for that matter, any press conference, the smell of smouldering cloth hangs in the air. Yes, their pants are definitely on fire. No one can tell the truth. 
Sports team management and coaches are just as bad as politicians. Difficult to believe, but how many times are they asked about a player's fitness and how many times is a straight answer given? Bloody rarely, if at all. 
They must be using the same lying teachers as the politicians.
At what point did we the public, become numb to lying public figures? 
I know lying wasn't invented recently, but the acceptance of lying seems to be a new phenomenon.
Thinking back several decades, I seem to remember the public and newspapers being horrified by any politician caught lying. 
These people who were in that situation, usually did the "right" thing, and resigned. But of course if they hadn't been found out, they would have continued to lie.
 One example being the Profumo scandal, in which a top politician resigned over an affair with a "call girl" which could have led to John Profumo being blackmailed by the Soviet Union. 
When the truth came out he resigned immediately and spent the rest of his life doing charitable work. 
Fast forward to more modern sex "scandals" and the case of the MP and influential committee chair, Keith Vaz. This slimy creature was caught using Rumanian "rent boys" and also using drugs. This was front page headlines and wall to wall news media coverage. 
Did Mr Vaz resign? Was he kicked out by the Labour party? Was he humiliated? Was charged by the police? Was he prosecuted? 
No, none of the above happened.
He kept his job. He showed no remorse of contribution. He continues to slide around Westminster, looking down his nose at the "little" people, who, had they done what he had done, would have been in a shit load of trouble.
These examples of how politicians react to being found out doing something similar, show where society has changed over fifty years. Honour is definitely in short supply in this day and age.
So back to why we seem to accept lying as some kind of occupational kink politicians are prone to having. 
Somehow, the lying of these odious creatures has become so prevalent, we are no longer shocked by anything they get up to. 
That's fine and dandy, but if we can't trust anything any public figure has to say, then society is doomed to mediocrity, and the public will get the politicians they deserve. 
Having followed the walking disaster which is the Trump presidency, I am appalled by his insane lies. Even when faced with the truth, he and his idiot spokespeople, continue to lie. This clown has taken lying to heights, or maybe more accurately, depths of which we have never encountered in any public figure of the last thousand years. 
It is almost as if he has no capacity for reality. He believes what he wants to believe, and nothing will change his tiny mind. 
One of the most worrying aspects of Trump's constant lying is that his supporters swallow every lie, as if it is the truth. How can that be possible? 
How can adults, when faced with something irrefutable, dismiss it because they would rather believe a blatant lie told by Donald Trump? 
This was also the case prior to the Iraq invasion after 9/11. People believed the lies told to them about Saddam's weapons of mass destruction, by Tony Blair and George W Bush. Some people still believe that lie despite seeing the proof that Iraq had no weapons of that kind. 
Absolutely mind boggling!
If politicians and other public figures know the public have accepted lying, then they will continue to do so. 
If nothing is done to halt this behaviour, then society and democracy is finished. 
This hasn't happened by accident. 
Wednesday, 10 January 2018 01:51

Egyptian study| Moringa is Excellent Healer

Researched by | Dr.Mahmoud Abdelghany A. M. Hashem

Ph.D Biochemistry Researcher Regional Center for Food and Feed Agricultural Research Center

Email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Tel: 01005117017


         Moringa oleifera, Moringa peregrina and Moringa stenopetala are three species belong to a single genus family Moringaceae that has fourteen species, (Ganesana et al., 2014). There is limited information about the chemical, anti-nutritional contents of the flour and characterization of the oil extracted from the seeds, (Mustapha et al., 2015). Moringa has been regarded as a food substance since ancient times and have been used as a treatment for many diseases.


The leaves, fruits, flowers and immature pods of this tree are edible and they form a part of traditional diets in many countries of the tropics and sub-tropics. Apart from its dietary importance, local folklore credits Moringa with a lot of herbal potency, (Ozumba et al, 2009).


Some of the uses of the plant include use in alley cropping, animal forage, as domestic cleaning agent, as fertilizer, for live fencing, as medicine, as ornamentals and it is resistant to most pests. Drumstick or Moringa oleifera is a multi-purpose tropical tree that belongs to Moringaceae family and has originated from Himalayan tract in Northwestern part of India, (Mendieta-Araica et al., 2012 and Pandey et al., 2011).


Seed flour from Moringa oleifera is widely used as a natural coagulant for water treatment in developing countries, (Santos et al., 2005). In developing countries, Moring has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable land care, (National Research Council, 2006). Different parts of this plant contain a profile of important minerals, and are a good source of protein, vitamins, beta-carotene, amino acids and various phenolic, (Anwar et al., 2007).


Mature seeds yield (38–40%) edible oil called ben oil from its high concentration of behenic acid. The refined oil is clear, odorless and resists rancidity, can also be used as a natural source of behenic acid, which has been used as an oil structuring and solidifying agent in margarine, shortening, and foods containing semisolid and solid fats, eliminating the need to hydrogenate the oil. The seed cake remaining after oil extraction may be used as a fertilizer, (Rashid et al., 2008).

Moringa flowers are used in treating malnutrition in traditional settings. The plant seeds contain hypotensive activity, strong antioxidant activity and chelating property against arsenic toxicity, (Santos et al., 2009).


“Diabetes” means siphon and “mellitus” stands for sweet. Diabetes is a complex multisystem disorder characterized by a relative or absolute insufficiency of insulin secretion and disturbances in carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism, it is an insidious disease, (Rakesh et al., 2008). Although the prevalence of diabetes is increasing, diabetes is not homogenously distributed throughout the population, (Michael, 2010).

Chronic hyperglycemia during diabetes causes gyration of body proteins that in turn leads to secondary complications affecting eyes (retinopathy), kidneys (nephropathy), nerves (neuropathy) and arteries (atherosclerotic vascular disease).

The international diabetes federation (IDF, 2014) has predicted that the number of individuals with diabetes increased from 382 million in 2014 to 592 million, in 2035 with 80% of the disease burden in low and middle-income countries, (IDF, 2014) according to recent estimation, the global population is approaching the midst of diabetes pandemic.

The plant kingdom represents a rich storehouse of organic compounds, many of which have been used for medicinal purposes and could serve as lead for the development of novel agents having good efficacy in various pathological disorders in the coming years, (Bhoomika et al., 2007).

Many of traditional medicinal plants have been used successfully since ancient times to treat diabetes and related complications because plants have been the major source of drugs for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in Indian system of medicine and other ancient systems in the world, though their biologically active compounds are unknown.


Ethnobotanical information indicates that more than 800 plants are used as traditional remedies for the treatment of diabetes due to their effectiveness, less side effects and relatively low cost, (Rathod et al., 2008). Botanical products can improve glucose metabolism and the overall condition of individuals with diabetes not only by hypoglycemic effects but also by improving lipid metabolism, antioxidant status and capillary function, (Alam et al., 2003).

Recently numerous traditional medicinal plants were tested for their antidiabetic potential in the experimental animals. Based on several studies, reviews, articles and researches:

Ganesana et al., (2014), Mahmood, et al., (2010), Adebayo, et al., (2011), MPFI, (2013);


the need for extensive documentation and focused research on the family as a whole and not only on some species “e.g. Moringa oleifera” has motivated us to bridge the information gap in this area. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine and evaluate (in vitro) the chemical composition of leaves and seeds contents of Moringa oleifera, Moringa peregrina, and Moringa stenopetala from five places under Egyptian conditions. In addition, to evaluate (in vivo) the biological and antidiabetic effect of the extractions of Moringa oleifera, Moringa peregrina, and Moringa stenopetala leaves on STZ-induced diabetic male albino rats. In a recent study of Ph..D Mahmoud Abdelghany (2015) titled:


Biochemical Studies on Some Moringa Species in North Africa On Moringa olifiera (MO), Moringa stenopetala (MS), Moringa peregrina (MP) belong to the family Moringaceae. The two aims of this investigation were to determine and evaluate (in vitro) the chemical composition of leaves and seeds contents for MO, MS and MP which were collected from five places under Egyptian conditions.

In addition to evaluate (in vivo) the effects of ethanolic and aqueous extract of MO, MS and MP leaves on streptozotocin (STZ)- induced diabetes rats, by single intraperitoneal injection 65 mg/kg b.w. Many proximate chemical analyses carried out The results of the chemical composition analysis showed that Moringa species leaves and seeds have high significant nutritional values; the moisture, ash, protein, fat, fiber, carbohydrate, energy, elements;


Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, and vitamins C and A. Also, Moringa leaves recorded significant increases for amino acids compositions, amino acids/protein ratio, total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities against DPPH free radical. Meanwhile, the oil proprieties evaluated and the results showed significant decreases in; free fatty acids percentage’s, peroxide values, iodine values and showed significant increases for saponification values. Also, the fatty acids compositions were evaluated and the major saturated fatty acids;

palmitic acid (C16:0), stearic (C18:0) and behenic (C22:0) recorded high significant values. On the other hand, the main unsaturated fatty acids, oleic acid (C18:1n9);


Eicosenoic (C20:1n9) and Palmitoleic acids (C16:1n7) recorded significant values.


The biological experiment was divided into two stages; in the first stage, 42 male albino rats were divided into 7 groups. Group1; normal control, group 2;

diabetic control, diabetic groups 3, 4 and 5 treated with MOL ethanolic extracts 600, 450 and 300 mg/kg b.w, respectively and diabetic groups 6 and 7 were treated with aqueous 190 and 225 mg/kg b.w, respectively. Fasting (FBG) and postprandial blood glucose (PBG) levels, Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Creatinine, Triglyceride (TG), Total Cholesterol (TC), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) were evaluated.

Significant reduction p​




More about 

Dr.Mahmoud Abdelghany A. M. Hashem

Ph.D Biochemistry Researcher Regional Center for Food and Feed Agricultural Research Center

Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

   Tel: 01005117017

Wednesday, 10 January 2018 01:38

Moringa Oleifera and hepatic fibrosis

By: Nermeen Mohamed Shaffie

Professor of Histology and Histochemistry-NRC


    Among the many new health supplements that appear on the market each year, Moringa oleifera stands out as having several unique and significant nutritional qualities. While the benefits derived from Moringa oleifera have been used for centuries by developing nations and peoples as an important nutritional supplement with a variety of medicinal properties, it is only recently that these benefits have been documented in both the botanical and medical literature.

With significant botanical and medical published research, the addition of Moringa oleifera into the daily diet shows considerable promise as an adjunct to improving health in a variety of important ways.

The leaf, seed and fruit powder of Moringa oleifera are naturally rich sources of vitamins and minerals. According to an analysis of the edible portion of Moringa oleifera pods, fresh (raw) leaves and dried leaf powder, they have been shown to contain as much of the following water-soluble vitamins: vitamin B1 (thiamine),  vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (nicotinic acid) and vitamin C (ascorbic acid). In addition, they contain as much of the following fat-soluble vitamins: vitamin A, and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol acetate).

Moringa oleifera contains, Choline; fiber; and several key minerals:  Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Copper, Iron, and Selenium. One of the most significant benefits of Moringa oleifera is the ability of this plant to provide very low-calorie, quality protein dietary supplementation (containing 19 of the 20 most common amino acids), (nearly 1/3 of the edible portion). The roles that amino acids play in the fundamental processes of tissue formation, regeneration and function are so distinctive that this class of substances is considered to be the primary component of all living matter.

Also, the amino acids are precursors of many other important biomolecules, including various hormones, vitamins, coenzymes, alkaloids and porphyrins.  Humans do not have the ability to synthesize all of the amino acids required for normal, good health. Those that must be supplied in our diets are called essential amino acids. Moringa oleifera contains all of the eight amino acids considered essential.

Although proteins found in meat, eggs and milk are considered to have the best nutritional value, such foods are those which should be limited due to their negative effect on serum cholesterol. Moreover, persons who either cannot or who choose not to consume these foods (lactose intolerant, vegetarians) may run the risk of developing a protein deficiency.

Daily stress and pregnancy may also cause a deficiency of amino acids, and greater consumption of protein is required for these conditions for optimal health. For such individuals, Moringa oleifera is an important source of these vital nutrients.

Moringa root bark, but not the rest of the plant, contains specific alkaloids such as moringinine, which increase heart and blood vessel tonus.

Antioxidant compounds reduce the cellular damage inflicted by toxic compounds or by normal metabolism and living processes in plants, animals, and humans. Most plant antioxidants are also anti-inflammatory and cancer-preventive. Examples of antioxidants are flavonoids (color pigments found in many plants). To date, Moringa is known to contain a number of powerful antioxidant flavonoids such as quercetin and kaempferol. Many vitamins in Moringa qualify as potent antioxidants as well: vitamins A (as betacarotene), C and E.


A diet rich in plants such as Moringa can significantly improve human health by:

* Reducing cholesterol levels and triglycerides ("bad" fats in the serum). * Controlling blood sugar and helping normal sugar and energy balance. * Offering vitamins and minerals vital for maintaining normal physiology. * Offering powerful antiaging and anti-inflammatory natural substances, many with anticancer properties.

A study was designed in the National Research Center (NRC) to evaluate the protective and therapeutic effect of Moringa oleifera leaf extract (MOLE) against CCL4-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Male albino rats of eleven groups (eight animals each) were used in this study. Four of these groups were given (MOLE) in different doses for a month and then given CCL4 for 3 months to evaluate the protective effect of the extract. Another 4 groups were given CCL4  for 3 months to induce hepatic fibrosis and then given (MOLE) in different doses to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the extract, the rest of these groups were used as control groups. Histopathological, histochemical and DNA studies were conducted. Histopathological examination documented that CCL4 produced massive damage to liver tissue in the form of excessive fibrosis, cellular infiltration and vacuolar degeneration of hepatocytes. DNA study showed decrease of DNA values (hypoploidy) of hepatocytes caused by CCL4. Our results revealed that the damaging effect of CCL4 on hepatic tissue was clearly reduced by using MOLE treatment. Histochemical findings confirmed the histopathological results, where the DNA study indicated that MOLE treatment has shown amelioration of the DNA content in examined cells and gave DNA values better than those of animals group treated with CCL4 alone. All the above results were dose dependent. But best results were obtained by using MOLE as a therapeutic agent.



Reported By| Hue Gey

UK- London

Happy New Year

 There are only a few hours left and we bid farewell to 2017 with all its good and sad events, hoping to start a happy year 2018 for all.
The management of "Castle Journal  Group " for Journalism and Media led by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, Abeer AlMadawy, is pleased to announce today its list of the most influential and inspiring personalities of the year 2017.

This year, Castle Journal does not conduct a referendum on the Choices names of personalities, but the team of consultants in Castle Journal who are Specialists in all areas of cultural, scientific, political and sports to choose the best figures according to their efforts throughout the year ... This year's choice is characterized by great diversity and respect to A great message of humanity that we target in our media and cultural work . The message  is the call of  peace and humanity.
Thus, Castle Journal Group announces the list of most successful and most Influence and inspiration personalities for 2017, which was limited to a number of public figures in different fields as the following;


Tareq Amer …The best banker and economic figure of the year 2017


Tareq Amer ,is the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank of Egypt... Our choice to him due to his efforts to save the Egyptian economic from total collapse and took the state to a Financial Security position...This year he took number of hard decisions such as ; the flotation decision of the Egyptian pound, he was able to Control the foreign reserves within the Central Bank of Egypt,so he could to stabilize the dollar price in the markets, that led to the recovery of the Egyptian economy and the rise of the foreign reserves to the highest level in Egypt since the Egyptian revolution in 25 January 2011..

Also he could to fund the mega projects in Egypt, which it has joined in recent years through a system of banking and economic professionalism despite the weakness of foreign investment potential inside Egypt.


Brief information about him from Wikipedia;

Tarek Hassan Nour El-Din Amer: He is the Governor of the Central Bank of Egypt since 27 November 2015. He received a Bachelor of Economics and Administration from the American University in Cairo and has been president of the National Bank of Egypt since 2008 and until his resignation in 2013.

Tarek Amer served as deputy governor of the Central Bank during the period of Farouk al-Okdah, from 2003 to 2008. The most prominent candidates for his successor, in addition to Hisham Ramez, and Mohammed Barakat and took the post of governor on 27 November 2015, after the resignation of Hisham Ramez, Egyptian Abdul Fattah Sisi to take over the presidency of the Central Bank.

Reported By| Tony Wild

UK- London

Happy New Year

 There are only a few hours left and we bid farewell to 2017 with all its good and sad events, hoping to start a happy year 2018 for all.
The management of "Castle Journal  Group " for Journalism and Media led by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, Abeer AlMadawy, is pleased to announce today its list of the most influential and inspiring personalities of the year 2017.

This year, Castle Journal does not conduct a referendum on the Choices names of personalities, but the team of consultants in Castle Journal who are Specialists in all areas of cultural, scientific, political and sports to choose the best figures according to their efforts throughout the year ... This year's choice is characterized by great diversity and respect to A great message of humanity that we target in our media and cultural work . The message  is the call of  peace and humanity.
Thus, Castle Journal Group announces the list of most successful and most Influence and inspiration personalities for 2017, which was limited to a number of public figures in different fields as the following;


Ahmed Zewail… The best scientist for the year 2017


A tribute to the spirit of the greatest scientist Ahmed Zewail and the reason for his choice is his scientific efforts on which other scientific theories and discoveries built on his basis.

Also for his remarkable discovery that helped a quantum leap in all kinds of science and fields.

Brief information about him from Wikipedia;

Ahmed Hassan Zewail was born in February 26, 1946 – August 2, 2016) .he was an Egyptian-American scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry". He was awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry and became the first Egyptian to win a Nobel Prize in a scientific field. He was the Linus Pauling Chair Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Physics, and the director of the Physical Biology Center for Ultrafast Science and Technology at the California Institute of Technology.


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