The World Health Organization has always linked the precautionary measures taken by countries to their success in dealing with the emerging coronavirus, but this rule does not seem to apply to Peru.

The country was one of the first countries in the Americas to take strict preventive measures to cope with the epidemic, by ordering citizens to adhere to their homes and the curfew, but that did not lead to tangible results, as Peru became one of the most affected countries in North and South America.

According to a report by the CNN news network, the numbers show that there are 130,000 injured and about 4,000 deaths in Peru as of Wednesday morning, and these numbers are large compared to the population of approximately 31 million.

Peru and Brazil

Peru is the second most affected country in South America after Coruna.

The policy of the two countries differed in the face of the Corona epidemic, as Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro reduced the risk of the virus, and he continued to neglect in his field trips preventive measures, as he appeared frequently without protective masks or gloves.

On the other hand, Peruvian President Martin Fizcar quickly declared a state of emergency nationwide on March 15th, including mandatory quarantine, in addition to closing the borders.

However, the results were disappointing, as the virus quickly spread in the country, killing thousands and killing about 130,000 people.

And nearly 85 percent of the total intensive care unit beds equipped with artificial respirators in Peru are occupied, amid fears that the number of injured patients will rise beyond the capacity of hospitals.

The country is not witnessing a health emergency, but rather a "disaster" as he put it, given that the epidemic has exceeded the health sector's capacity to absorb, said Alfredo Siles, a doctor and university professor in Peru.

What explains the tragic outcome in Peru?

CNN says that many poor people prefer to provide their modest needs at the expense of quarantine measures.

The American network quoted the Peruvian physician, Elmer Huerta, as saying: "What I have learned is that this virus reveals social and economic conditions."

Therefore, many of the poor in Peru had no choice but to venture out of their homes to work and secure food and drink for their children.

For example, according to official figures published in 2017, only 49 percent of urban families in Peru have refrigerators, and this means, according to Huerta, that this translates into the need for many to visit the markets daily to obtain food, because they cannot store it.

Pools and crowds

In the middle of last April, that is, a month after the application of the strict procedures, pictures were published showing large gatherings and long lines in a market in a suburb of the capital Lima, and it appeared in the pictures that some wore masks, while social spacing was impossible.

A woman who was standing in the queue at the time said, "You must endure standing in the shadows of the crowd, because there is no other way to get food."

At that point, in the middle of April, there were about 10 thousand cases of corona in Peru, but today the number has nearly doubled 13 times.

Among the things that helped spread the virus was the "stimulus plan" approved by the Vizcar government, that required financial aid for the population.

Christian Lopez Vargas, professor of Peruvian economics at the University of California, said the government stimulus package to help the millions of poorest families in Peru was a good idea, but its distribution was disastrous.

Other photos showed heavy congestion in front of banks in Peru, as queues of the worst-affected groups waited for a long time before getting relief money.

Source agencies

By ... Nadeemy Haded

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