Germany today marked the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of the country with a ceremony at the Memorial of the Wall in the presence of President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, in an atmosphere of joy, raised hopes for the "end of history" and the birth of a borderless world.
Thirty years later, many barriers, including trade, security and civilizational barriers, are linked to the fear of globalization, all of which encourage security solutions and convergence.
"If those who ended the Cold War watch what is happening today, they will see the situation turn against their ambitions," said Elizabeth Valet, a researcher at the University of Quebec in Montreal, Canada, a world-renowned specialist on border wall issues.
"We are now certain that there are 40,000 kilometers of walls in the world, the equivalent of the Earth's perimeter," she said, reflecting a significant rise in the number of walls in the past 20 years by 71, defined as built-in structures that cannot be crossed. .
Most of these walls are located on the Asian continent, around China, India and Korea, as well as in Israel in the Middle East, and were built in Central Europe, especially in Hungary, Bulgaria and the United States to prevent the infiltration of immigrants.
Thirty years ago in Europe with the fall of the Iron Curtain, "people were happy to see that boundaries could be projected for eternity," said Nick Paxton of the Research Institute, which published a report a year ago. To raise fears and divisions. "
The geographer and former ambassador Michel Fuchs in her book "The Return of Borders", that "the border has never disappeared only in the psychological maps of European travelers" and that "the abolition of borders means the removal of states and the world without borders is a brutal world ... One mistake is to emphasize that borders and sovereignty Will be gone, and it's not true. "
She added: These walls have extended in the United States with Donald Trump's wall against Mexico or the sea that the Italian nationalist leader Matteo Salvini wants in the Mediterranean.
The reason, as summarized by German politician Wolfgang Merkel, is that the real wall today is what differentiates between citizens who "believe in globalization" and those who fear or suffer from it.
This change worries some Germans who lived in the GDR, such as Carsten Prinsing, who said: "We are the last generation that grew up under dictatorship and we are witnesses to history." Scary".
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo found solace only in announcing that Russia disappointed the West after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
Pompeo said the West expected appropriate changes in the world after the fall of communism in Berlin, Moscow and the rest of the eastern world, but "our expectations" were not believed.
Washington and Berlin, according to the US secretary of state, must protect "freedom and our future" from Moscow and Beijing, so NATO expands to the east and expands east even in the event of a clinical death, as French President Emmanuel Macron put it.
But German politicians failed Pompeo by explicitly admitting that Germany had regained its unity thanks to Russia and its position, not by NATO, its policies and its armies.