Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965) was a British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".He moved from his native United States to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, working, and marrying there. He eventually became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, renouncing his American citizenship..Today we like to stand by a great pofile who added to the modern poems a new start and till this moment his renew of writing is taken as the best style for the English poem and literary.
Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on September 26, 1888. He lived in St. Louis during the first eighteen years of his life and attended Harvard University. In 1910, he left the United States for the Sorbonne, having earned both undergraduate and masters degrees and having contributed several poems to the Harvard Advocate.
After a year in Paris, he returned to Harvard to pursue a doctorate in philosophy, but returned to Europe and settled in England in 1914. The following year, he married Vivienne Haigh-Wood and began working in London, first as a teacher, and later for Lloyd’s Bank.
It was in London that Eliot came under the influence of his contemporary Ezra Pound, who recognized his poetic genius at once, and assisted in the publication of his work in a number of magazines, most notably “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” in Poetry in 1915. His first book of poems, Prufrock and Other Observations, was published in 1917, and immediately established him as a leading poet of the avant-garde. With the publication of The Waste Land in 1922, now considered by many to be the single most influential poetic work of the twentieth century, Eliot’s reputation began to grow to nearly mythic proportions; by 1930, and for the next thirty years, he was the most dominant figure in poetry and literary criticism in the English-speaking world.
As a poet, he transmuted his affinity for the English metaphysical poets of the seventeenth century (most notably John Donne) and the nineteenth century French symbolist poets (including Baudelaire and Laforgue) into radical innovations in poetic technique and subject matter. His poems in many respects articulated the disillusionment of a younger post–World War I generation with the values and conventions—both literary and social—of the Victorian era. As a critic also, he had an enormous impact on contemporary literary taste, propounding views that, after his conversion to orthodox Christianity in the late thirties, were increasingly based in social and religious conservatism. His major later poetry collections include Ash Wednesday (1930) and Four Quartets (1943); his books of literary and social criticism include The Sacred Wood(1920), The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (1933), After Strange Gods (1934), and Notes Towards the Definition of Culture (1940). Eliot was also an important playwright, whose verse dramas include Murder in the Cathedral, The Family Reunion, and The Cocktail Party.
He became a British citizen in 1927; long associated with the publishing house of Faber & Faber, he published many younger poets, and eventually became director of the firm. After a notoriously unhappy first marriage, Eliot separated from his first wife in 1933, and remarried Valerie Fletcher in 1956. T. S. Eliot received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1948. He died in London on January 4, 1965.
Collected Poems (1962)
The Complete Poems and Plays (1952)
Four Quartets (1943)
Burnt Norton (1941)
The Dry Salvages (1941)
East Coker (1940)
Ash Wednesday (1930)
Poems, 1909–1925 (1925)
The Waste Land (1922)
Prufrock and Other Observations (1917)
Religious Drama: Mediaeval and Modern (1954)
The Three Voices of Poetry (1954)
Poetry and Drama (1951)
Notes Towards the Definition of Culture (1949)
The Classics and The Man of Letters (1942)
The Idea of a Christian Society (1940)
Essays Ancient and Modern (1936)
Elizabethan Essays (1934)
The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (1933)
After Strange Gods (1933)
John Dryden (1932)
Thoughts After Lambeth (1931)
Tradition and Experimentation in Present-Day Literature(1929)
For Lancelot Andrews (1928)
Andrew Marvell (1922)
The Sacred Wood (1920)
The Elder Statesman (1958)
The Confidential Clerk (1953)
The Cocktail Party (1950)
The Family Reunion (1939)
Murder in the Cathedral (1935)
The Rock (1934)
Sweeney Agonistes (1932)
According to the Israeli Channel 7 said that the US government has bought a hotel in occupied southeast Jerusalem in preparation for the transfer of its embassy to it, in an implementation of the decision of US President Donald Trump, who recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The Israeli Knesset member (parliament), Xenia Svetlovna, from the "Zionist camp" bloc, confirmed that the US administration recently purchased the building of the hotel.
In the same context, the Israeli Channel 2 revealed recently that an American delegation, headed by a personal representative of Trump, is coming to Israel to complete the transfer of the American Embassy, which will be based in East Jerusalem. The American delegation is to inspect field preparations to expedite the transfer of the embassy
The Israeli channel said that the US embassy will be transferred to the "Diplomat" in the "Arnona" Jerusalem, temporarily until the completion of the establishment of the place dedicated to the embassy, where a team of technicians and cameras and electronic guard doors at the entrances.
According to the same channel, the planning department of the occupied Jerusalem municipality approved an engineering plan for the construction of a building belonging to the US Embassy in Jerusalem, which includes fortified rooms, a shelter and security walls surrounding it.
For his part, the head of the planning department in the Jerusalem Municipality, Meir Turgeman, the second channel said that "the architect of US embassies came to Jerusalem a week ago to oversee the construction plan."
He added: "The building standards presented in the US engineering plan for the embassy are different from those adopted in Israel. The plan includes the construction of a short building to avoid an attack by air."
On December 6 Trump, despite extensive international warnings, signed a presidential decree recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel and instructed the US State Department to begin the process of transferring the embassy to Jerusalem, denouncing and rejecting the Arab and Islamic countries and the overwhelming majority of countries. the world.
Written by /Abeer Almadawy
Because I love Japan , I decided to write about its history.
One of the things I cannot pass quickly is; “geisha”girl
But I hope to write my opinion before I write about her historical story,and this because I feel how much she suffers from the unfair treatment...
Geisha through the history is the respectful young lady who is able to give you everything with elegance and respect.Neither she is a prostitution nor a wife ,but she is the one who can host you gratefully and introduces a show of dancing,singing and does everything to amuse you.
In our country Egypt she looks like our beautiful dancer ,she can dances,sings,entertains you and other times can be half wife only ,wife for bed.
Here’s the problem !
The men can live with her partly,love her but can’t marry her?
In the old times people struggle to understand Geisha,loved her the most but could not forget that she is a lady for amusement only. The society looked with respect to her role that Geisha plays though that they condemned her and made from her a toy With no feeling and may they had done the worst they kidnapped her future !?
By the way nothing is changed though the time did ,just this job took more freedom but with its old view.
In another aspect to the subject,and away of talking about Geisha,let concern more with the life the woman now....Actually she is the same copy of Geisha,She is the one too who must do everything in life more than the amusement that geisha gave.
Current Woman works day by night to save money, raise up her kids, educate them and do the rest of works as a wife.
The woman accepts to be half man and half female ,running all the time to cover her responsibilities,maybe at the end her man can satisfy on her one day.
Woman still live the life such as a guilty person,but she doesn't know what is exactly her sins....More than that ,she could not save for herself at least some of love with respect from her husband or the community she lives with !
She failed to be lucky as the Geisha lady !the modern woman isn't lucky too because her destiny doesn't support,though all the huge discoveries and the high technology but in the third world and their societies still have the same low look to the woman ,they think she is " a kind of creatures ,who is created to make everything for the man, give him the support , the amusement and the money ".
If you don't believe me, please check the cases of working woman in Africa,Asia,south America ,you will find millions of sad stories with true crisis !The United Nations with all its efforts,failed to help them or end the catastrophes circumstances which these poor working women live in.
In the Middle East, there millions of women who work instead of their men,and all their money go to their husbands and kids...maybe she can't find the price of the morning breakfast.
The husbands of these women are living mostly under the influence of drugs and they are not responsible persons who work or grow up the children too .
Number of women who faced violence by her husband and kids reached to one million and half during the last five years in a country like Egypt, it is also not a correct number because most of the the cases ,women fear to inform the police or complaining.
Crisises go to the worst with the rise up of prices in everything and the workers find themselves in a need to another job besides the other...what lets the woman sleeps about four hours only daily .It effected on her health and huge number of them are sick.
laws,decisions, words of sympathy,or even raising their salaries cannot help them...So number of suiciding among them reached to the top.
Returning to Geisha who is our inspiration in this article , She was a lady can take a rest and live in high level besides the richest persons ...while the modern woman today makes the same things but lives in the underground and in a very poor circumstances.
Even her luck of marriage is bad ,no one likes to marry a working girl, she is poor and can't be suitable.
Though all these harshness believe or not,these women are the most successful,significant and supporting to their states!
And here there's another huge difference between JAPAN and the third world countries.
In Japan ,as a respected and advanced country, the society keeps on Geisha as a historical tradition they must save her and it is not accepted to be forgetten.So they courage the modern lady to Geisha but with all the rights that must have.
While in the third world, their countries do all their best just to keep the poor working women silent and never ask with a right!
Although that both nations share in refusing to reply on this important question;
Why do men give themselves the right to have 2 women in his life at the same time? One for his amusement and the other for the respected image !
This converted duplication photo can kill any sense of beauty to the art of virtue, as well as the art of giving and taking.
At the end our societies need more clearness with their vision of things and they must determine whether they want to advance with their humanity or not!
Whether they want to find true happiness or not.
Societies must stand beside the poor labor ,and never consider them as slaves with no rights!
Societies must understand that Fake attitude comes from lair visions that they believe in and that's the reason behind all our painful stories!
By Abeer Almadawy
The last circle
Written by| Abeer Almadawy
With this wonderful and inspirational slogan of all the peoples who live in terror and sectarian wars, the Iraqis launched with their celebration with the great victory over terrorism.
Mosul finally liberated after all this suffering and misery from the displacement of about half a million Iraqis, the elimination of entire Christian families, the attacks on Shi'a, Sunni and Kurdish citizens, and public massacres that are unbelievable. Finally, the liberation of Mosul was announced by the brave Iraqi army that spent On the Islamic state group in one of the most important stronghold has dominated for them years ago in Iraq.
The true Victory has achieved which caused the joy for the Iraqis in all their spectrum ,that it achieved the principles of their united that precedes sectarianism in the war of liberation.
But soon after 2 days only on the historical victory on terrorism, the images of the heinous controversial scenes coming up to Media and with it new fears coming up to Mosul, Iraq, these images spread through social networking sites pushed the human rights watch (HRW) strongly to condemn the intervention of the popular crowd against the citizens of Mosul belonging to the Sunni sect and assault them and Recruiting media to promote the wrong things and counter any attempt to save these people under the pretense that they belong to a ISIL or there is doubt about them.
The issue has not ended, but escalated in the last hours of genuine fears first of the validity of these allegations and that there is a kind of dominance of the popular crowd instinct and therefore the Iranian hegemony over Mosul as promoted and there are other concerns that the sectarian conflict could rise again under the displacement To citizens who live in camps and hope to return, as well as safety and security of their lives.
The sad scene shows that the Sunni community, which has not mercilessly had a sympathetic hand in the terrorism group of Daash, now has to suffer from the popular crowd.
We do not say that the popular crowd is a terrorist, like Daash, but its intervention raises fears, especially with the aggression of its soldiers against Sunni citizens, according to human rights organizations
This is a danger to the victory that has been achieved. Mosul is a big city, its citizens are Sunnis, Shiites and others. It is not the fault of the Sunnis to pay a bill twice because of the terrorism, but the culprit and those who committed terrorist crimes against his country must be punished and tried fairly. We do not allow anger and revenge to abuse of innocent people or see human massacres as the terrorist group have done before.
The question here which we share , why did the Iraqi authorities allow the intervention of the popular armed crowd?
And why did not the Iraqi army prevent the advance and aggression of the crowd against these unarmed citizens?
Finally, where is the state of law from Mosul, which governs the humanitarian situation and preserves the rights of people and prevents the emergence of terrorist operations against the Sunni and Shiite communities together
If Mosul is a successful model of liberation, can the other Iraqi cities be liberated easily, but after these brutal aggression by the popular crowd,it could to undermine the resolve of the Iraqi citizen who does not know who is their enemy or who is their brother?
And finally if these allegations were untrue, Why aren't seen a clear position from the popular crowd with their Sunni brothers and their solidarity with Mosul to defuse any allegations that harm the Iraqi army and the most dangerous ,it can take the country again into civil wars instead their war against terrorism .
Actually,The officials must respond strongly to every claim and interfere to achieve security for the Iraqi citizen, who deserves safe life!
Written by|Abeer Almadawy
T here is no doubt that the African continent is the heart of the earth as well as the kingdom of treasures' for all the world and this is because; it is rich with the fertile lands, the minerals and the enormous manpower.
Unfortunately, The African continent had lived many adversities through the ages, it was exploited brutally… As the African peoples, had been enslaved, stolen their life, their properties, and worse than that their lands with all its treasures.
These treasures are being stealing till this time, rather than something changed on ground. But though that all the demonstration of freedom that countries try to show, it disappear with any crisis these African countries can be confronted ! So the true fact here that the colonialism had left the African countries in front of the international laws already, but it is still going on and will play hidden roles in reality and, unfortunately, it is confirmed by numbers and documents from the flagrant interference of Western powers in the policies and economics, and even the lives of African …What calls from global conscience to address the new colonialism and authoritarian political influence on these countries.
As a result, the new colonialism, which left with his body but leave their mind swims in the creation of the bad guys are playing against their homelands or encroaching on the property of their siblings and cause wars and disputes and seas of blood, besides a map of borders among the countries could to evoke the conflict which is still the cause of all African troubles.
- President Jamal Abdel Nasser and his vision for Africa
Before tens of years, Egyptian President Jamal Abdel Nasser had put his hand in the hands of African brothers and they walked and fought together in their trip of freedom and to get out the occupiers …They succeeded to get their freedom facially !
From here president Abdel Nasser was worry from the return of occupier again, so he was very wise and called for the nation-building to stop any greed to occupy these states again, as he used to say;
" The time came for the victory of our brothers in Africa, those who are the peoples of dignity and originality and they have the great right to live the life that they choose with respect".
President Nasser never thought that his contribution to the restoration of freedom to African countries, is a kind of a help, but a duty on Egypt.
He had believed that the true strength of Egypt, is in the strength of the African countries …But it depends on their freedom and building their powerful nation ,that can compete for the real progress and to get out of the neck of the developing world.
Nasser believed that science, culture and faith to respect the diversity of different minorities and the people of Africa, are a fundamental reason for the wealth that they have to maintain over the long term.
But he feared that colonialism remains on the ground, despite its departure and playing again in the destiny of the peoples.
So President Nasser used to say;
"It's time for the Human being to apologize to the Africans, and from other side the Africans must share the world their dignity and pride."
But Egypt has disappeared suddenly for many years, and new players have been allowed to break into the continent and play freely ... The players did not harm Egypt alone, but also they damaged the African countries who agonist the colonialism long life..
These players went to Africa to invest in Africa's treasures and somehow they convinced the people, that they will help them in the path of development, and will invest in them!
But the right development does not come to invest in the people and their treasure, but to invest for the benefit of the people and this is a big difference.
From here the importance and vitality of the return of the Egyptian role to enlighten the hidden side of the matters ... There's a difference between investment in people or investment for the benefit of the people.
And for as long as Egypt's vision has provided throughout history, real cooperation based on respect for others and build a base of mutual work, which has aimed to provide and protect peoples.
- The way to Africa after the revolution of June 30
After the revolution of the June 30, 2013 Egypt has been affected , due to the suspension of its African Union membership , which forced Egypt to think again in the whole image ,maybe it understand the new situation.!
Egypt gazed at its mirror and asked itself this important question;
" How the African Union, which was established by Egypt in 1963 and mostly it is funded from Egypt too , could to suspend its membership , till they aren't sure of the reality of the situation in Egypt, and what actually had happened to the people who revolt against the terrorist group?
The strange situation of African Union against Egypt in critical time, opened a window to the Egyptians to see the hidden factor which controls the African decision …This is the same invisible factor who is hampering the development in their countries and even worked to indulge them in problems , internal conflicts , wars and divisions.
The observer on the African affairs in the last forty years, appeared to him that this hidden factor who played in the continent aims to hamper the development countries