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Written Nadeemy Haded
A US couple are suing a fertility clinic, saying the company implanted their embryo into a different woman.
The woman gave birth to twins in March, only for DNA tests to allegedly show the babies were not related to her or even to each other.
Anni and Ashot Manukyan have now taken custody of one of the children.
Both the Manukyans in California and the unnamed couple in New York who gave birth to the babies are suing CHA Fertility Center.
The company has not yet commented on the lawsuits.
"CHA robbed me of my ability to carry my own child, my baby boy," Anni Manukyan told a press conference. "Who wants to meet their child in a lobby of a hotel?"
The second baby boy allegedly comes from the egg and sperm of a third, unrelated couple. Court filings reportedly say the birth couple ceded custody of the child, and that the clinic has made contact with his biological parents - although they have not come forward publicly.
The New York couple - identified only as AP and YZ in the lawsuit to protect them from "embarrassment and humiliation" - gave birth to two boys who were not of Asian descent, as they are.
Earlier signs during the course of the pregnancy also suggested something was wrong. Scans showed they were giving birth to boys, despite doctors saying they had used female embryos.
Ms and Mr Manukyan had unsuccessfully gone through IVF in August 2018 using an embryo they thought was theirs. The pair say they were then asked to take a DNA test after the birth of the twins in March.
Their lawsuit says the couple then discovered "much to their horror" that their son had been "implanted into a stranger that later became his birth mother".
The couple then had to fight in the courts to reclaim their child, after the birth couple gave him up.
The California lawsuit alleges negligence and emotional distress, as well as claiming CHA Fertility broke a state law preventing the use of embryos for any purpose other than that consented to by the provider.
Conviction on that charge could reportedly carry a prison sentence of between three and five years.

Written Nadeemy Haded

Are sugary drinks causing cancer?
Sugary drinks - including fruit juice and fizzy pop - may increase the risk of cancer, French scientists say.
The link was suggested by a study, published in the British Medical Journal, that followed more than 100,000 people for five years.

The team at Université Sorbonne Paris Cité speculate that the impact of blood sugar levels may be to blame.
The team at Université Sorbonne Paris Cité speculate that the impact of blood sugar levels may be to blame.
However, the research is far from definitive proof and experts have called for more research.
What counts as a sugary drink?
The researchers defined it as a drink with more than 5% sugar.
That included fruit juice (even with no added sugar), soft drinks, sweetened milkshakes, energy drinks and tea or coffee with sugar stirred in.
The team also looked at diet drinks using zero-calorie artificial sweeteners instead of sugar but found no link with cancer.
How big is the cancer risk?
The study concluded that drinking an extra 100ml of sugary drinks a day - about two cans a week - would increase the risk of developing cancer by 18%.
For every 1,000 people in the study, there were 22 cancers.
So, if they all drank an extra 100ml a day, it would result in four more cancers - taking the total to 26 per 1,000 per five years, according to the researchers.
"However, this assumes that there is a genuine causal link between sugary drink intake and developing cancer and this still needs further research," said Dr Graham Wheeler, a senior statistician at Cancer Research UK.
Of the 2,193 cancers found during the study, 693 were breast cancers, 291 were prostate cancers and 166 were colorectal cancers.

Is this definitive proof?
No - the way the study was designed means it can spot patterns in the data but cannot explain them.
So, it did show that the people who drank the most (about 185ml a day) had more cancer cases than those who drank the least (less than 30ml a day).
And one possible explanation is that sugary drinks are increasing cancer risk.
But, alternatively, people who drink the most sugary drinks could have other unhealthy behaviours (eating more salt and calories than then rest, for example) that raise their cancer risk and the sugary drinks themselves could be irrelevant.
So, the study cannot say that sugary drinks cause cancer.
"While this study doesn't offer a definitive causative answer about sugar and cancer, it does add to the overall picture of the importance of the current drive to reduce our sugar intake," said Dr Amelia Lake, from Teesside University.
She added: "Reducing the amount of sugar in our diet is extremely important."
Is this just about obesity?
Obesity is a major cause of some cancers - and excessive consumption of sugary drinks would increase the odds of putting on weight.
However, the study said it was not the whole story.
"Obesity and weight gain caused by sugary-drink excessive consumption certainly played a role in the association but they did not explain the whole association," Dr Mathilde Touvier, one of the researchers,

Written Nadeemy Haded

Sir James Dyson has bought what is thought to be Singapore's biggest and most expensive penthouse flat.
The purchase comes after his company, best known for its vacuum cleaners, moved its HQ from the UK to Singapore.
Sir James, a prominent advocate for Brexit who has said leaving the EU with no deal would "make no difference", was accused of hypocrisy after the move.
The property is at the heart of the city's business district and spans three floors and has five bedrooms.
Official records show Sir James and his wife Lady Deirdre Dyson are joint tenants of the apartment at the prestigious Wallich Residence.
"Given the decision to locate the headquarters in Singapore and the growing focus of the company's business in the region, of course James Dyson has bought a property there," a Dyson spokesperson said in a statement.
Sir James took ownership of the property in June, the records show.
According to marketing documents, the property is the largest "non-landed residence" in Singapore and has its own swimming pool, jacuzzi room and bar facilities.
Singapore's Business Times reports Sir James paid $73.8m Singapore dollars ($54m, £43m) for the "super penthouse", which has views of the city's Marina Bay Sands and the financial district.
The price tag is likely to make it Singapore's most expensive flat.
The company has said moving its headquarters to Singapore was for commercial reasons, and had nothing to do with Brexit.
"It's to make us future-proof for where we see the biggest opportunities," chief executive Jim Rowan said at the time.
Dyson has been building its presence in Singapore, announcing last year it would build a new electric car plant there.
As well as vacuum cleaners, Dyson is also known for making air purifiers and hair care products like hair dryers.
Most of Dyson's products are designed in the UK, but manufactured in Asia.

Written Nadeemy Haded

– Israeli occupation forces have killed 16 Palestinian children in the besieged Gaza Strip during the first half of 2019, Al-Mezan Centre for Human Rights said in a report quoted by the Middle East Monitor.
The report said Israeli occupation forces also shot and wounded 1,233 children, most of them while the youngsters were participating in the peaceful Great Return March protests in the east of the coastal enclave.
Furthermore, over the past six months, the Israelis detained 17 Palestinian children, although the majority of them were later released. At least 17 attacks on Palestinian schools and health facilities across the Gaza Strip by Israeli occupation forces were also documented.
The Gaza-based human rights group noted that the Israeli occupation forces continue to carry out systematic violations against Palestinians, especially children, breaching international laws and conventions covering children’s rights.
The group’s report pointed out that the targeting and killing of Palestinian children by Israelis has escalated during the first half of this year compared with the same period in 2018.

Written Nadeemy Haded
American Airlines sorry after 'telling woman to cover up'
American Airlines has apologised after allegedly telling a female passenger to wrap herself in a blanket to hide her outfit.
Dr Tisha Rowe said the incident happened on 30 June on a flight to Miami from a family holiday in Jamaica.
The 37-year-old said online she felt body-shamed and humiliated after being told to cover her "assets"
.A tweet she shared of the playsuit she was wearing has been shared thousands of times since.
Dr Rowe was flying from Kingston with her eight-year-old son when the incident occurred.
She alleged a flight attendant first asked her to step off the plane, then described her outfit as "inappropriate" to fly and asked if she had a jacket to "cover up" with.
After attempts to defend her outfit apparently failed and her son become upset, Dr Rowe said she felt forced to wrap a blanket around her waist and return to her seat feeling "humiliated".
"To me, there was never an ounce of empathy, an ounce of apology, any attempt to maintain my dignity throughout the situation," she told Buzzfeed News.
Dr Rowe has also accused the airline of racial bias and discriminating against her body type.
"We are policed for being black," she said in one tweet. "Our bodies are over sexualized as women and we must ADJUST to make everyone around us comfortable."
"I've seen white women with much shorter shorts board a plane without a blink of an eye."
On Tuesday the airline said they had apologised to Dr Rowe and her son and refunded their travel.
"We were concerned about Dr Rowe's comments, and reached out to her and our team at the Kingston airport to gather more information about what occurred," a spokeswoman said in a statement to US media.
"We are proud to serve customers of all backgrounds and are committed to providing a positive, safe travel experience for everyone who flies with us."
In 2017 the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) issued a "national travel advisory" about American Airlines, citing "possible racial bias" and "disturbing incidents".
They later lifted the advisory in 2018, after working with them for a year on initiatives like implicit bias training.

Written Nadeemy Haded

Suzanne Eaton, US scientist, found killed in Crete WWII bunker
The body of an American scientist has been found inside a World War Two bunker on the Greek island of Crete.
Suzanne Eaton, who went missing more than a week ago after going on a run, died of suffocation, police confirmed to the BBC.
They said they are investigating the case as a criminal act.
The 59-year-old molecular biologist from the world-renowned Max Planck Institute in Germany had been attending a conference on the island.
Police in the port city of Chania, where the conference was being held, said she was found on rough and rocky terrain inside the abandoned bunker about 10km (six miles) away from where she was last seen.
She was reported missing on 2 July and a large search effort was launched.
Six days later, her body was discovered by two locals exploring the bunker, which is a system of manmade caves used by the Nazis during the occupation of Crete in World War Two.
According to Cretalive news website, a forensic autopsy found she had been suffocated but there was no other indication of trauma.
Police are investigating whether Suzanne Eaton was killed inside the bunker or moved there after the event, it adds.
The Greek Reporter website said her body had been covered in burlap, a rough cloth, leading Greek authorities to conclude she had been killed.
According to a local official speaking to ABC News, the area around the bunker, which lies to the north-west of the island, is a popular tourist spot.
The scientist's family, friends and colleagues had launched a Facebook page co-ordinating search efforts and offering a €50,000 ($56,000; £45,000) reward for information on her whereabouts.

 Written By /Ike pius

 

Money is the Root of all Evil. This article examines how the Love of Money is killing off our last hope of Free Speech, Free Expression, and Free Association- The Internet.

Human Beings have an inherent need to communicate. This encompasses the need to share thoughts, ideas, thrills, moments of joy and pain, and the desire to educate, as well as inform others about events happenings around us.

Information, when shared rapidly and massively has often caused people to take action, to join political movements, to press for change, to resist, to take up arms, to topple oppressive governments, even to commit genocide.And whose job is it to spread information?

The Media

Newspapers, including flyers, posters, and pamphlets and whatever other forms may exist  today   , Radio Stations, Television , Cinema Houses are some forms that the Media can take.

No doubt the media is a powerful and fearsome force. Governments have continued to fear it from the beginning of time up till today . This fear has made governments put a leash on the media in the past, and a muzzle on it in the present. In many countries government owned media houses spew state controlled propaganda to keep their people obedient or at least more compliant.

By strict censorship, Governments filter news and current events programs thereby telling the People what they want the People to know: Election results, Public Affairs, Health Concerns, Security Threats, Government Policies and Economic Strategies. State controlled media also hide what they deem to be dangerous. But dangerous to who?

Everybody loses when Governments censor information. When information is censored by a stifled media it becomes too easy to get away with Murder of political opponents, Manipulation of Electoral Processes, Racism or Ethnic Bigotry, Corruption of Public officials, and  even outright Murder by Uniform wearing men of Law Enforcement. It is for this reason that an alternative is greatly needed.

New Media-free-Social Media

New Media consists of Social Media Platforms like Facebook, YouTube, Instagram and most effectively Twitter. The thousands of Blogs offering timely information, candid opinion, and an open platform for creative independents must also not be overlooked. New Media offer the people a breath of fresh air. They can provide access to unfiltered News Events, draw attention to social issues, and spring people into action through Crowd Funding, and other forms of social mass action. Let us take a few examples of how New Media is effecting change.

  The Shooting of Michael Brown, in Ferguson, Missouri, by White police officer Darren Wilson on August 9, 2014 was not reported by the CNN until August 13, 2014. Five days into the outcry that ensued. The #hashtags #handsupdontshoot and #ferguson started on twitter, and then permeated to other Social Media platforms like  Facebook and Youtube. As a matter of Fact, the hashtag #ferguson has been used over (1) Twenty Seven Million, Two Hundred Thousand (27,200,000) times, and a related Hashtag #BlackLivesMatter has been used over Twelve Million (12,000,000) times, and has become an offline Political Movement, affecting the Electoral Process, as well as Political Discourse. These figures have been described as a Twitterstorm. That Twitterstorm resulted in a media frenzy, as mainstream media, who might not have been interested in the story at first tried to out-do each other in gallantry when reporting the incident. But it was too late. This story belonged to the internet. One Video (New Video from Micheal Brown Shooting death) Highlighting the #Ferguson incidence had been viewed 3,445,736 times and another (Michael Brown Autopsy: Experts Weigh In) has been viewed over 135,384 times, both on Youtube. There are numerous Videos like these offering different perspectives and insights into this incidence and others similar to it.

Media  Launch Pad

Another Positive side to the New Media is that they give an opportunity to Creative Talents, even in some of most remote corners of the Earth. An Example is the Author from a small village in Nigeria whose e book has gone viral. ( Please search Bomber Boy: Rise of the Underwear Bomber ) One of the Talents that the Old Media would not have given a second look, maybe because they do not have the big budgets, or high level connections that are necessary to break into the World of Big Media.

All they have to do is post their content on Social Media and ask others to share. If the content is compelling enough and they have some luck on their side, they could go viral, and then have their content propel them to stardom. Having become internet sensations, the Traditional Media Establishment would then be forced to pay attention. Many have taken advantage of this, including  Athletes, Singers, Bloggers, and Writers. But the internet has not just been about singing and dancing; it has helped reduce real suffering. How?

Crowdfunding : Good causes have not been left out of the New System of things; many grassroots charity organizations have been able to attract attention to their work, such that they are able to raise funding in order to continue their good work. Victims of Social Injustice have had activists as well as concerned individuals share their story and then raise funds to alleviate their sufferings, or take up legal action in order to seek redress.

But Then They Came

They- the Old Guard invaded Social Media like an Army and quickly tore down the wall of resistance not by force of arms, but by opening their wallets. Money answereth all things! One by one the Major Social Networking platforms capitulated to the power of the Dollar and the desire to post impressive figures as year end profits.

Facebook

Facebook started putting up Sponsored Posts (2) without an option not to see these advertisements. They usually come in form of well crafted headlines with only a few words of the stories available on Facebook. Those few words would usually be enough to catch the reader's attention so as to make him click on the link taking him to the full article maybe on CNN- the same CNN some of us have been trying to get away from.

Another way facebook has caved in to the will of the Old Media is allowing them create pages and advertising that users 'like' said pages. They would them use a similar tactic as mentioned above in order to get your attention. Some found this action distasteful and so moved to a rival Social Media platform: Twitter.

But Twitter fell as well.    

By its very design Twitter is a powerful information sharing tool. No wonder most of the World's Social Media Activism is done there. One only has to go back a few paragraphs to see how much impact Twiiter Hashtags have had on the World and how we relate to each other. All that may soon be over.

Twitter made changes such that when you log in to your account you no longer see posts from your friends and colleagues -with who you have formed a relationship which involves re-sharing (retweeting) each other's content, thereby increasing the chances of going viral- but instead you see posts from Top Influencers, Such as the BBC.

Furthermore, searching for any particular topic or Hashtag no longer brings up the latest posts which is content from fellow users, instead it brings up 'Top content' which are usually headlines posted by Media companies, sometimes up to a month before, and out-of-date.

Twitter does not stop there; many users including this writer regularly receive text messages from Twitter which is mostly News posted by the same Media people that we no longer trust. The text messages usually go like this: ''@MSNBC tweeted this... or @FoxNews tweeted that.''

The real Twitter users who actually make up the social aspect of Social Media have been relegated to the background, if not entirely forgotten.     

    

R.I.P Dear Internet

Google adwords mean that the man with the fattest wallet, not best content goes to the top of search results, thereby getting all the attention and traffic. Attention and traffic equals huge profits for a successful advertising campaign which means that the rich get richer and the poor get pinned to the bottom of google.

You Tube puts the most popular videos on the top of its lists. These videos are made popular by views and likes they garner. Any search will show that apart from celebrities (who are backed by entertainment companies with huge money bags) many popular accounts on YouTube are owned by Corporate Media.

As a matter of fact, of the ten most subscribed channels on YouTube at least 6 are either partly or fully owned, or at least affiliated to, and possibly funded by Corporate Media and Entertainment interests.

This list (4) includes T-Series and Set India, (Indian Entertainment Companies) World Wrestling Entertainment W.W.E , and popular musicians Ed Sheeran, Justin Bieber and Eminem.   

As a hub of free expression, the internet is slowly dieing away. Everybody and everything is monetizing at a rate and in a manner that puts user experience second to profits. If this trend continues unabated then we would be handing a disaster to our children.

Just a Question before you go: What takes up your internet time, and what changes have you noticed in your favorite Social Networks?

About the Author :

Ike Pius is the Author of Bomber Boy: Rise of the Underwear Bomber. @ikepius is the handle by which he may be reached on twitter. For more stories by the Author go here https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/18517103-bomber-boy

***

Refrences:

1. These 10 Twitter Hashtags Changed the Way we Talk about Social Issues, by Tanya Sichynsky, The Washington Post, March 21, 2016.

2. Facebook Starts Displaying Ads inthe News Feed. ZDNet, January 10, 2012. by Protansky, Emil.

    Sponsored Stories begin to appear in News Feed. Inside Facebook, January 10, 2012, by Darwell, Brittany.

3. Twitter will now put Recommended (Not Newest) Tweets At the Top of Your Timeline, by Lynley, Matthew, on TechCrunch, February 10, 2016.

4. YouTube: most subscribed Channels 2019 (c) Statista. pulled  March 27, 2019.

 

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About us

 Castle Journal is an international newspaper with daily electronic edition, received the international license by the United Kingdom number 10675, and accredited by the Egyptian Embassy in London, owned by Abeer Almadawy

Castle Journal expresses on the free and human voice specialized in the diplomatic, cultural and scientific media, it is eager to create a close relationship with the readers, who is our priority and considers them a true partner.

Castle Journal holds all the permits for practicing its duties of journalism in all countries of the world and the international organizations