Cairo 

Ancient history of Egypt was great in everything, they are owners of civilization that created governmental methods to rule the country.During the following report we will add names of the Ancient Egyptian rulers in parts depend in the dynasty they lived in...every ruler has certain victories in his era,but mostly all of them worked to create the greatest Egypt the first civilization in the world which starts before 12 thousands years as the new discoveries revealed.

Now let's recognize on the rulers in the 1st Dynasty 


Menes (Aha) 


Aha is known for millions of people as King Menes of Memphis. He was the founding king of the 1st Dynasty, and the first king to unify Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom.

Ancient Egypt’s most predominant form of civilization began with his crowning, and did not end permanently until the beginning of the Roman era, which started with Augustus Caeser.

Menes founded the city of Memphis, and chose its location on an island in the Nile, so that it could be easily defended. He was also the founder of Crocodopolis. During his time, the Egyptian army launched raids against the Nubians in the south and expanded his sphere of influence as far as the First Cataract on the Nile.

His chief wife was Queen Berenib, though she was not the mother of his heir, King Djer, and his mother was Neithotepe. His death is a mystery, for, according to a legend he was attacked by wild dogs and Nile crocodiles in Faiyum . Menes’ tomb relies at Saqqara, the famed necropolis of Memphis. He died at the age of Sixty Three. 

Djer 


Djer was the second king during the 1st Dynasty, when the crown was still present at Memphis. He was the son of Aha and one of his lesser ranked wives, a woman named Hent. 

Djer built a palace at Memphis where he ruled Egypt for fifty years. He also launched a successful military campaign to fight the Hekssus in Sinai.

His name was found in an inscription on the Wadi Halfa, south of the first Cataract, proving the boundaries of his reign. Djer’s wife was Queen Herneith.

He was buried in a mortuary complex which is called the True Grave of the god Osiris. 

Wadj 


Wadj, the third king of the1st Egyptian Dynasty. His stela is displayed at the Louvre in Paris. It is made of limestone carved by the sculptor Serekh.

The stela was discovered near the ancient city of Abydos where Wadj’s mortuary complex is located.

The only other place where Egyptologists found a reference to him was in an inscription near the city of Edfu, to the south of Egypt.

His wife was Queen Mereneith, who acted as mentor and advisor for his successor, King Den. 

Den (Udimu) 


Den was the fourth king of the 1st Dynasty. Because the king came to power in Egypt as an infant, Queen Merenith was appointed as his political advisor, which essentially meant that she ruled Egypt until he was capable for the rule by himself.

Den ruled Egypt for almost fifty years after Wadj. He was an energetic and athletic person, and was artistic as well.

He figures in the Ebers papyrus as well as the Berlin medical papyrus. Den was militarily active in Sinai, which was justified by his interest in protecting the mineral resources of the peninsula.

His mortuary complex was built in the ancient city of Abydos, but his body was buried at Saqqara. 

Anedjib 


Anedjib was the fifth king during the 1st dynasty. He kept Memphis as his capitol city throughout his 14 years of rule.

Anedjib’s crown carried the symbols of both Upper and Lower Egypt, a representation of the unification of the country under his power.

Historians, however, doubt that Anedjib really controlled the north, due to the fact that the northern Nomes rebelled against him constantly throughout his reign.

His wife, Queen Betrest, was the mother of King Semerkhet, who was his successor. The queen provided Anedjib with legitimacy and power since she was a descendant from the Memphite royal line. 

Semerkhet 


Semerkhet was the sixth king of the 1st Dynasty. He was the son of King Adjib and Queen Betrest, and for unknown reasons, ruled only for eight years.

Egyptologists discovered very little about him, save for a black stela with Semerkhet’s name carved on it. 

 

Sources|SIS

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